Perdurantism, or four-dimensionalism, is one answer to the question 'How do things persist through time?'. Perdurantism says that they persist through time by having different temporal parts or stages ('perdurance'). None of the stages themselves actually persists, but each exists only at an instant. Perdurantism is opposed to endurantism, which says that persistent things exist wholly at more than one time ('endurance'), that is, that they do not have temporal parts. Jonathan Edwards was one Christian philosopher to embrace perdurantism.
   Further reading: Edwards, Jonathan 1970; Lewis, David K. 1986b; Noonan 1980; Sider 2001

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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